Painting is the expression of ideas and emotions through the creation of certain aesthetic qualities in a two-dimensional visual language. Artists use various elements—such as shapes, lines, colors, tones, and textures—to produce sensations of volume, space, movement, and light on a flat surface. These elements are combined into expressive patterns to represent real or supernatural phenomena, interpret narrative themes, or create wholly abstract visual relationships12.

In practical terms, painting involves applying paint, pigment, or other mediums to a solid surface (referred to as the matrix or support). While brushes are commonly used for application, other implements like knives, sponges, and airbrushes can also be employed23. Whether it’s a canvas, paper, or any other surface, the act of painting allows artists to convey their thoughts, feelings, and creativity in a visual form.

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